Free Online Sociology Courses

Sociologists use cultural indicators to not only assess the various institutions that comprise our modern society, but also to bring about positive change for millions of people nationwide. This field, which can be previewed through several online sociology courses, combines research, community outreach, and a healthy dose of creative thinking to better understand the way groups interact, how they emerged, and the factors that influence their behavior.

Sociologists are primarily concerned with the various ways in which human behavior and interaction impact individual communities and society as a whole. Religion, race, gender, age, income bracket, and education level are just a few of the factors sociologists use to evaluate the strengths and areas for improvement within government, the judicial system, schools, churches, and other cultural institutions.

As an academic field, sociology is best described as an amalgam of psychology, anthropology, and statistics. Experts in this area use empirical evidence, case studies, and legal precedents to evaluate social norms, conditions, and institutions. Sociological reasoning dates back to ancient Greece, but the academic field has only existed for roughly 150-200 years — and not surprisingly, the methods and philosophies of sociologists have evolved immensely during that time.

Sample Courses

Most sociology degree programs follow the same curricular structure. The typical course load for a sociology student might include the following:

  • Urban Poverty
  • Disabilities and Culture
  • Law and Society
  • Sociology of Deviance
  • Criminology
  • Modern Communication Systems
  • Abnormal Psychology
  • Wealth, Power, Status: Inequality in Society
  • Social Movements, Protest, and Conflict
  • American History

Possible Specializations

Clustered courses, at least one minor, and a specialized degree focus are all common in undergraduate sociology degree programs. Many students find it’s best to tackle this broad field by narrowing their focus on areas that interest them most.

Many specializations combine sociology with another liberal arts field that deals with cultural impacts, such as psychology, economics, or criminal justice. Some take the global approach, such as international development, while others focus on aspects of sociology that are somewhat unique to American culture. Many take a comparative approach by studying the similarities and differences between living environments, educational strategies, and other factors that vary considerably from place to place. The numerous topics encompassed under the sociological umbrella allow students to choose from a wide range of specialization options.

Degree Types

A master’s degree is probably the minimum educational level required to pursue a career in sociology. According to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS), there are two primary types of sociology master’s degree programs: traditional and clinical. Traditional programs prepare students for a Ph.D. program. Clinical programs, on the other hand, include plenty of hands-on training intended to prepare students for professional settings. While an increasing number of Ph.D. graduates choose to work for nonprofit organizations and government agencies, the majority go on to pursue careers in academia.

In addition to accredited degrees, there are many other online and campus-based certification programs that allow students to focus on specific areas of sociology; many of these programs mirror the specializations earned by college and university students.

Ideal Candidates for Sociology

Sociology is a very data-driven discipline; for this reason, analytical, observant individuals who can think critically and are adept at problem-solving tend to be ideal candidates for this field. Sociologists often tackle complex problems and use statistical calculations to make sense of the messy world of human behavior, so thick skin and lots of compassion are also required.

Sociologists often conduct independent research, but communication skills are inherently important whether you work alone or in a group. Generating a dialogue about one’s work with other professionals and listening to their ideas is the most effective way for sociologists to facilitate change within their surroundings.

Career Pathway

While there is a growing interest in sociological research as a tool to better understand society and human interactions, it’s important to remember that the professional field is quite small. Though the BLS projects a growth rate of roughly 18% between 2010 and 2020, job-seekers can expect stiff competition for the relatively small number of research positions. However, many bachelor’s or master’s degree-holders take on positions that utilize sociological concepts and methodologies without the official title.

In 2010, sociologists earned a median salary of $72,360; the lowest 10% brought home less than $44,000, while the top 10% made more than $129,000.

Sociology is a fascinating field that draws from many different disciplines in the hope of helping us better understand the human race and improve our communities. Students who are passionate about participating in globally-oriented research and study will enjoy their careers in this field as well as the time they spent studying to get there.

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Understanding Revolutions


In the last few years, many people have come to believe they have a formula for overthrowing authoritarian governments and putting democracy in their place. The method is mass peaceful demonstrations, persisting until they draw huge support, both internally and internationally, intensifying as government atrocities while putting them down are publicized by the media. This was the model for the “color revolutions” (orange, pink, velvet, etc.) in the ex-Soviet bloc; for the Arab Spring of 2011 and its imitators; further back it has roots in the US civil rights movement.

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Sociology in the News

Source: The Socjournal

Our Favorite Sociology Blogs

  • Sociology in General

    • A Very Public Sociologist

      Written by a sociologist, this blog discusses various topics, news, and issues related to sociology.

    • Discover Magazine: Sociology

      A collection of sociology-related posts from Discover Magazine Blogs.

    • Everyday Sociology Blog

      Promising to remain relevant, up-to-date, informative and interesting, this blog provides commentary on global events from a sociological perspective.

    • Family Inequality

      Written by a sociologist at the University of Maryland, College Park, this blog addresses the connections between families and inequality.

    • Office Hours

      This blog features podcasts where hosts discuss “research and the social world” with top scientists in the sociology field.

    • Sociological Eye

      Featuring the writings of sociologist Randall Collins, this blog strives to view the world without political or personal bias.

    • Sociology at Work

      This blog, expanding on the content of the whole site, explores the how of sociology. How is sociology used and approached beyond the classroom?

    • This Sociological Life

      Sociologist Deborah Lupton, a sociologist in the Department of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Sydney,  "provides social commentaries on current issues."

  • Academia

    • ASA Research Blog

      The official blog of the American Sociological Association's Department of Research on the Discipline and Profession reporting current projects and highlighting related resources.

    • Citings & Sightings

      Edited by students at the University of Minnesota, this blog addresses "the best in cutting edge social science."

    • Montclair SocioBlog

      Written by some members of the Montclair State Sociology Department, this blog discusses a variety of sociology topics.

    • OrgTheory

      Written by a group of sociology professors, this blog addresses topics like social movements, organization theory, culture, political science, and more.

    • Sociology Lens

      A companion to Sociology Compass, this blog explores and discusses sociology in the media, online and the latest in standards, conferences and jobs.

    • Teaching TSP

      Maintained by experienced sociology teachers, readers will find tips and materials for handling the sensitive subjects that arise in sociology.

  • Global Issues

    • Social Watch

      Committed to making the world a better place, this blog discusses the importance of ending racism and poverty and embracing peace on a social level.

    • The Other Sociologist

      Dr. Zuleyka Zevallos discusses sociology, international issues and media analysis while celebrating differences and advocating change.

    • Understanding Society

      In this blog, Daniel Little encourages philosophers to work with social scientists in order to "achieve a better understanding of the social world."

  • Media and Technology

    • Cyborgology

      Explores how technology has infiltrated  fundamental aspects of every day life, social organization, the body, and self-concepts.

    • Digital Sociology

      Sociologist and academic technologist Mark Carrigan discusses topics in digital sociology.

    • Sociological Images

      A picture is worth a thousand words, and this blog hopes to encourage and inspire sociological discussions through relevant images and imagery.

    • The Sociological Cinema

      Written by three public sociologists, this blog addresses how video and pop culture can be used to teach sociology.

Sociology Journals & Trade Magazines

  • Journals

    • Cultural Sociology

      This journal brings together scholars from different backgrounds-scientifically and culturally-to facilitate discourse and advancement of the field.

    • Electronic Journal of Sociology

      A new media journal offering sociologists a "window into the world of new media communications."

    • IDEA : A Journal of Social Issues

      This journal focuses on finding understanding of and causation for murder on large and small scales and other acts of aggression.

    • International Journal of Comparative Sociology

      This journal encourages discourse among sociologists with competing ideas, as well as scholars in related fields, to provide a broad picture of sociology.

    • Journal of Social Structure

      Exploring how behavior is influenced by the roles of social structure, this journal aims to learn "the parts of behavior that are uniquely social."

    • Other Voices : The e-Journal of Cultural Criticism

      Freely accessible electronically, this journal allows a diverse group of writers and readers to discuss cultural criticism of the arts and humanities.

    • Sociology Mind

      This journal explores the human condition and causes of dysfunctional behavior that can be corrected through research and science.

    • The Open Sociology Journal

      Publishing current issues in sociology, this open access journal makes quality articles, reports and reviews freely accessible to a worldwide audience.

Sociology Grants & Scholarships

Sociology Internships

  • Alzheimer's Association

    Deadline: varies

    With opportunities “tailored to students’ interests”, those studying sociology have a chance to learn the social impact of Alzheimer’s first hand.

  • American Civil Liberties Union Foundation: Internships

    Deadline: varies

    Sociology majors can qualify for various internships  at locations across the U.S.

  • Autism Speaks Internship Program

    Deadline: April 30

    Students interested in careers in the not-for-profit sector can qualify for internships at Autism Speaks’ departments throughout the U.S.

  • Relief International

    Deadline: varies

    There are a variety of domestic volunteer and internship opportunities available at this organization that helps save lives and improve the livelihoods of people around the world.

  • United Way

    Deadline: varies

    Internship opportunities for sociology majors may be available through local agencies for those interested in "helping to advance the common good."

  • YAI: Internship Opportunities

    Deadline: varies

    YAI internship programs in the field of developmental and learning disabilities are available to undergraduate or graduate students looking to gain experience in health and human services.

Sociology Student & Professional Organizations